Open science – Open Science is the practice of science in such a way that others can collaborate and contribute, where research data, lab notes and other research processes are freely available, under terms that enable reuse, redistribution and reproduction of the research and its underlying data and methods (FOSTER Open Science Definition). Open Science encompasses a variety of practices, usually including areas like open access to publications, open research data, open source software/tools, open workflows, citizen science, open educational resources, and alternative methods for research evaluation including open peer review (Pontika et al., 2015). In academic libraries major emphasis is given to ensure open access to publications and open access to research data.
Modern research builds on extensive scientific dialogue and advances by improving earlier work. The Europe 2020 strategy for a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy underlines the central role of knowledge and innovation in generating growth. Broader access to scientific publications and data therefore helps to:
- build on previous research results(improved quality of results)
- encourage collaborationand avoid duplication of effort (greater efficiency)
- speed up innovation(faster progress to market means faster growth)
- involve citizens and society(improved transparency of the scientific process).