Open access

 

Open science

Open science – Open Science is the practice of science in such a way that others can collaborate and contribute, where research data, lab notes and other research processes are freely available, under terms that enable reuse, redistribution and reproduction of the research and its underlying data and methods (FOSTER Open Science Definition). Open Science encompasses a variety of practices, usually including areas like open access to publications, open research data, open source software/tools, open workflows, citizen science, open educational resources, and alternative methods for research evaluation including open peer review (Pontika et al., 2015). In academic libraries major emphasis is given to ensure open access to publications and open access to research data.

Modern research builds on extensive scientific dialogue and advances by improving earlier work. The Europe 2020 strategy for a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy underlines the central role of knowledge and innovation in generating growth. Broader access to scientific publications and data therefore helps to:

  • build on previous research results(improved quality of results)
  • encourage collaborationand avoid duplication of effort (greater efficiency)
  • speed up innovation(faster progress to market means faster growth)
  • involve citizens and society(improved transparency of the scientific process).

 

Useful links:

 

OpenAIRE Advance project

OpenAIRE Advance project

OpenAIRE-Advance continues the mission of OpenAIRE to support the Open Access/Open Data mandates in Europe. By sustaining the current successful infrastructure, comprised of a human network and robust technical services, it consolidates its achievements while working to shift the momentum among its communities to Open Science, aiming to be a trusted e-Infrastructure within the realms of the European Open Science Cloud.
In this next phase, OpenAIRE-Advance strives to empower its National Open Access Desks (NOADs) so they become a pivotal part within their own national data infrastructures, positioning OA and open science onto national agendas. The capacity building activities bring together experts on topical task groups in thematic areas (open policies, RDM, legal issues, TDM); promoting a train the trainer approach, strengthening and expanding the pan-European Helpdesk with support and training toolkits, training resources and workshops. It examines key elements of scholarly communication, i.e., co-operative OA publishing and next generation repositories, to develop essential building blocks of the scholarly commons.

Project coordinator and national open access coordinator dr Gintarė Tautkevičienė e-mail gintare.tautkeviciene@ktu.lt, tel. +370 37 300 650.

Useful links:

 

Publications:

Dovidonytė, Rasa. 2019. “Implementation of Open Science in Lithuania ”. Nordic Perspectives on Open Science, August. https://doi.org/10.7557/11.4828.

Tautkevičienė, G., & Cesevičiūtė, I. (2019). Towards open science related policies, infrastructures and practices: The case of LithuaniaQualitative and Quantitative Methods in Libraries: 10th Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Libraries, International Conference, 22-25, May, 2018, Chania, Crete, Greece, 31-45.

Tautkevičienė, G., & Dovidonytė, R. (2017). On the way towards research data management training at Kaunas University of TechnologyDigital Infrastructures for Research 2017 (DI4R), 30 November-1 December, 2017, Brussels, Belgium, 1.

Tautkevičienė, G., Cesevičiūtė, I., & Dovidonytė, R. (2017). Atvirojo mokslo įgyvendinimo prielaidosALTA’17 : Pažangios Mokymosi Technologijos. Išmanusis Mokymasis : Tarptautinė Konferencija Skirta IT Idėjų Sklaidai, 2017 M. Lapkričio 16 D. = Advanced Learning Technologies. Smart Education : Conference Proceedings, 16th of November, 2017, 108-113.

Cesevičiūtė, I., & Tautkevičienė, G. (2015). Atvirosios prieigos vaidmuo mokslinės komunikacijos procese: Pasaulinės ir Europos Sąjungos iniciatyvosZ Kartos Akademinė Biblioteka: Paslaugos, Erdvės Ir Technologijos: Tarptautinė Mokslinė-praktinė Konferencija, Spalio 15 D., 2015, Vilnius, Lietuva, 1.

 

Open access to scientific publications

Lithuanian academic electronic library (eLABa) – national repository of Ministry of Education, Science and Sport and Lithuanian academic institutions open access repository. 50 institutions are members of eLABa consortium (university, institutes and research centers).

Green Open Access Road (self-archiving)

The published work or the final peer-reviewed manuscript that has been accepted for publication is made freely and openly accessible by the author, or a representative, in an online repository. Some publishers request that Open Access be granted only after an embargo period has elapsed. This embargo period can last anywhere between several months and several years. For publications that have been deposited in a repository but are under embargo, usually at least the metadata are openly accessible.

Gold Open Access Road (Open Access publishing)

Gold Open Access (Open Access publishing): The published work is made available in Open Access mode by the publisher immediately upon publication. The most common business model is based on one-off payments by authors (commonly called APCs – article processing charges – or BPCs – book processing charges). Where Open Access content is combined with content that requires a subscription or purchase, in particular in the context of journals, conference proceedings and edited volumes, this is called hybrid Open Access.

In Registry of Open Access Repositories – researchers can find 4725 (11 November 2019 data) registered institutional and thematic repositories where research publication can be uploaded. Institutional repositories are often administered by research institutions in order to preserve and share research results. Thematic repositories are usually administered by research community, these repositories preserve subject specific research publications. Publication repositories is an alternative way to have access to research publications when access to primary resource is not accessible.

Over the last few years, the number of open access journals rapidly increased, researchers has a greater freedom of choice where to publish research results. In the registry of open access journals Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) currently are registered more than 13 900 research journals and 75 Lithuanian journals (11 November, 2019 data). Open access journals are not only responsible for ensuring open access and licencing but also for ensuring necessary conditions for re-usability. Majority of journals that are registered in DOAJ registry do not charge article processing charges, more information about research here.

Directory of Open Access Books – registry of open access books, ensures access tomore than 22 000 books (13 November, 2019 data).

 

Open access to research data

Researchers who are coordinating Horizon 2020 projects and seek to comply requirements of funding institutions as well as PhD students of Kaunas University of Technology who started their studies from 2018 must prepare a research data management plan DMP.

Research Data Managemet plan – is a key element of good data management. A DMP describes the data management life cycle for the data to be collected, processed and/or generated. As part of making research data findable, accessible, interoperable and re-usable (FAIR), a DMP should include information on:

  • the handling of research data during & after the end of the project
  • what data will be collected, processed and/or generated
  • which methodology & standards will be applied
  • whether data will be shared/made open access and
  • how data will be curated & preserved (including after the end of the project).

DMP Online tool helps to create, review, and share data management plans that meet institutional and funder requirements. It is provided by the Digital Curation Centre (DCC).

FAIR (FAIR – Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Re-usable) principles – provide guidance for scientific data management and stewardship and are relevant to all stakeholders in the current digital ecosystem. They directly address data producers and data publishers to promote maximum use of research data.

Lithuanian research data repositories:

Data archive

National Open Access Research Data Archive

Crystallography Open Database

Repository of resources in Linguistics, Humanities and Social Sciences

Re3Data.org – registry recommended by European Commission where researchers can find appropriate repository among more than 2400 repositories for data preservation.

Data journals

In data journals researchers can publish information about data sets by publishing an article about data. In this publication data analysis or data results are not published, the main focus is devoted to detailed data description and it’s importance to analysis. In data journal, data sets are not provided, however an active link is available indicating the repository where data is published.

Useful links:

 

Open access policies

Open Science policies are strategies and actions aimed at promoting Open Science principles and acknowledging Open Science practices. Those policies are usually established by research performing institutions, research funders, governments or publishers.

On the 29th of February, 2016 influenced by the participation in the FP 7 project PASTEUR 4 OA the Research Council of Lithuania approved of the GUIDELINES ON OPEN ACCESS TO SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS AND DATA. In guidelines are presented

legal aspects, financial models, roles and duties of researchers. Access to data is discussed in detail, especially preparation of data management plans, compilation and preservation of data during and after the duration of a project.

According to these guidelines the Council calls Lithuanian academic institutions, research infrastructures and other related organisation to approve the provisions of their policies on Open Access to research results, and the procedures for management and stewardship of such data. After guidelines were adopted Vilnius University, Kaunas University of Technology, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University adopted institutional open access guidelines.

In The Registry of Open Access Repository Mandates and Policies RoarMap are provided open access mandates and policies adopted by universities, research institutions and research funders from all over the word.

In registry are registered 11 open access policies (2019 November 11 data) adopted and confirmed in Lithuanian institutions.

Consultations about open science policy implementation in Kaunas University of Technology are provided in KTU Library. Contact persons: Ieva Cesevičiūtė, e-mail  ieva.ceseviciute@ktu.lt, phone. +370 (37) 300 284, Rasa Dovidonytė, e-mail .rasa.dovidonyte@ktu.lt, phone. +370 (37) 300 659.

 

Seminars, conferences

On the 29th of October, 2019 in Kaunas University of Technology “Santaka” valley event for researchers, research administrators, representatives of academic libraries took place. In the event were discussed issues related to the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC), research data management skills, research evaluation and other changes in scholarly communication.

The event is part of the series “Focus on Open Science”.

Video recording

On the 19-20th of April, 2018 PhD students and researchers participated in practical seminar on open research data management Practising FAIR and Open Data Management”, seminar was held by data management experts Elly Dijk and dr Marjan Grootveld from „Data Archiving and Networked Services“ (DANS) organization (Netherland). Seminar was organized as one of OpenAIRE2020 project activities.

Video recording.

On the 6th of December, 2016 international conference “Academic Library and Open Science” was organized. Video recording and slides:

On the 29th of October, 2019 a seminar “Open Access to Research Data” was organized. Video recording and slides are available.

On the 31st of March, 2016 a seminar „Open Access to Research Data“ was organized. Video recording and slides:

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